Kids Lesson 16 Print E-mail


Winter Wonderland: The Ice Age

Bundled in a fluffy coat, Mandi still shivered as the wind whirled her long hair in all directions and somehow forced its way inside her jacket. She ran carefully across icy steps and through cold wind and finally managed to open the door to the Creation Evidence Museum and dive inside.

“Winter makes me turn into Rudolph.” She remarked to her uncle, Dr. Carl Baugh, as she stomped the ice off her boots.

Dr. Baugh laughed and looked at her red nose. “You know,” he said, “there was a time when the world was much colder than it is today and the people and animals that lived during that time had to live in the snow all year!”


“The Ice Age!” Mandi’s eyes grew large. She loved hearing about the great woolly animals and the icy adventures of the Ice Age, a time when the world was painted white. “It is so cold outside and even colder up north, but snow always melts in spring. Why did the world get so full of snow and ice during that time?”


Noah's Flood caused the Ice Age.

“Really? All that water caused a snowstorm that lasted 700 years?”

“Sure, the effects of that water did . Read Genesis 7:11.”

--and on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened.’ Genesis 7:11

“You’ve seen one of those ‘springs of the great deep.’ Remember when you went to Yellowstone National Park? Geysers, like Old Faithful, shoot up very hot water from below the surface of the earth.”

“Oh yes, I remember! They were beautiful and when they erupted, steam rose into the air. The water they were shooting was very hot.”

“Well enough water fell from the sky, and enough shot up from the ground, that every part of land was covered. When the Flood was over, and the water was back within the borders of the oceans, the seawater was very warm. Warm water evaporates more than cold water. At that time water evaporated from the oceans at a rate that is 3 times faster than the rate today.’

‘At the same time, air temperature grew much cooler. During the Flood and after, many volcanoes erupted and the ash filled the air. All over the world, scientists have found layers of deep ash beds on the ground from this time in history. The ash in the air, the snow, and low clouds all reflected warm sunlight back into space. On land, temperatures grew very chilly, even in summer. When the volcano Mt. St. Helens erupted and its ash lingered in the air for a while after, it cooled off temperatures in the area; and that was from just one volcano! Scientists say that in order for the Ice Age to occur, air temperatures during summer would have to be 20°-40° cooler.’

Mount Saint Helens erupted in 1980

“So basically, the water was evaporating very quickly, because the oceans were full of warm water, and then turned to snow up in the clouds.”

“And all that snow that fell did not melt because air temperature stayed so cold. It just built up and built up and then packed into ice sheets all over the land. It took 500 years for enough snow to build up to create all the ice and snow of the Ice Age.”

“How much of the earth was covered in ice and snow?”

“Ice and snow covered Greenland and Antarctica, north and central England, Denmark, north Poland and Germany, northwest Russia, Canada, and the United States down to Missouri.’

‘And then as the average temperature of the oceans warmed, there was less evaporation. The ash eventually cleared out of the air and more sunlight reached the earth. Summers were becoming warmer. As the snow and icebergs began to melt, many of the animals were caught up in the fast-flowing rivers.”


Read Life in the Great Ice Age by Michael and Beverly Oard to learn more about the Ice Age and its animals.

Woolly Mammoth: The mammoth is a shaggy cousin of the elephant. Right after the Flood, Siberia was filled with green grass and flowers because light winds often blew onto the land from the warm waters of the Arctic Ocean.

There was little snow in winter and lots of rain in summer, and large animals like the mammoth thrived in the area. But then as winters and summers grew colder and colder and the deep ground stayed frozen year round, rainwater could not soak into the ground but stayed on the surface. Mixing with dirt, the ground was covered in mud bogs which would often trap the mammoths. Many of the mammoths migrated south.

Saber-Tooth Tiger: This creature was a huge cave lion; a 10-ft.-long breed larger than any living today. Its scientific name is Smilodon meaning “knife tooth” and its fangs were around eight inches long. Many of its bones have been found in tar pits in California.

Saber-Tooth cat skull on display at the Creation Evidence Museum


Hippopotami: Hippo bones were found in Southern England. This is puzzling because hippos like a warm habitat with lots of water. Again, right after the Flood before the snow built up, land near the warm oceans was warm and a great environment for these animals, and humans who lived during the early years of the Ice Age saw them regularly.

Woolly Rhinoceros: This beast was covered in shaggy gray-brown hair and had two horns on its forehead, which were made of keratin (tightly matted hair), just like its modern ancestor. Its scientific name is Coelodonta, and it was an herbivore which weighed 2-3 tons.

Some woolly rhinoceroses have been unearthed completely frozen in Siberia and Europe. Some Asian cultures believe powdered rhino horn cures fevers though there is no scientific proof of this.

Auroch: The auroch was a 12-ft.-long wild bull which stood 6-10 ft. tall at the shoulders. It was massive! The last aurochs died out in Poland in the 17th century.

Musk oxen, reindeer, cave bear, crocodiles, wolves, and wild horses all lived within the time period as well as many other animals. It was a world of huge creatures and certain danger.

Written by Mandi Roberts

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