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2
Mar

Creation Lesson #8 - Creativity of Man, Mind of Man, Noah’s Ark, Gutenberg Press

 

 

Introduction

 

At the Creation Evidence Museum an entire section is dedicated to displays featuring the “Creativity of Man.” It begins with the construction of the 25-foot Replica by Dale Muska and his assistants; it continues with the creativity displayed in the engineering of the 1904 Oldsmobile, the artistry in the clay statue of coach Tom Landry by artist Robert Summers, the speech employed by Chief American Horse (featuring the actual attire he wore while negotiating peace between the Red Man and the White Man after the Battle of Little Big Horn), and the design in the space exploration instruments constructed by aerospace engineer Robert Helfinstine and his associates. These displays are actually in place at the museum. We should also mention the invention of the Gutenberg Press with movable type. The first book to be printed was the Gutenberg Bible! (The premier replicator of the Gutenberg Press is currently building a full-scale replica for our museum).

 

I.  The Unparalleled Mind of Man

 

At the heart of the creativity of man is his awesome mind, designed to reflect the image of the Creator Himself. The human brain’s three pounds represent a mere two percent of the body weight…the quartful of brain is so metabolically active that it uses twenty percent of the oxygen we take in through our lungs…A third of our genes code for one or another aspect of the brain.”[1]

 

The brain allows the finger to feel vibrations of 8/1000 of an inch…Allows the eye to see 10 million different colors.[2] [T]he brain’s complexity is beyond anything [we had] imagined…the total number of synapses in a brain roughly equal the number of stars in 1,500 Milky Way galaxies![3] At the subconscious level “people can actually reason, anticipate consequences, and devise plans – all without knowing they are doing so.”[4] This introduces us to the power of the human mind and its amazing creativity.

 

Scientific American reports: “ [M]ounting evidence indicates that…a large mental gap separates us from our fellow creatures.”[5] “[O]ur species alone creates soufflés, computers, guns, make-up, plays, operas, sculptures, equations, laws and religion. Not only have bees and baboons never made a soufflé, they have never even contemplated the possibility.”[6]

 

The author lists various intriguing feats that animals accomplish and explains that “animal thoughts are largely anchored in sensory and perceptual experiencesWe alone ponder the likes of unicorns, and aliens, nouns and verbs, infinity and God.”[7] The same article lists four unique ingredients of the human mind. (1) Generative computation enables humans to create a virtually limitless variety of words, concepts and things. (2) Promiscuous combination of ideas allows the mingling of different domains of knowledge – such as art,…space, causality and friendship – thereby generating new laws, social relationships and technologies. (3) Mental symbols encode sensory experiences both real and imagined, forming the basis of a rich and complex system of communication. (4) Abstract thought permits contemplation of things beyond what we can see, hear, taste or smell.”[8]

 

II.  The Ark of Noah

 

Our 25-foot (1/20 scale) Replica of the Ark is the culmination of over forty years of research, months of working with our draftsman, eighteen months of actual craftsmanship on the vessel itself, and the sacrifice of dear people who contributed to make it possible.   The original Ark was 300 cubits long, 50 cubits wide, and 30 cubits high[9]. The cubit is normally considered to be about 18 inches in length. Often the ”royal cubit” was given as up to 26 inches. Our research indicates that the cubit was very close to 20.5 inches. This would make the original Ark 500 feet long, 86 feet wide, and 52 feet high.

 

III.  The Gutenberg Press

 

The art of printing originated in China. Emperor Ling of the Eastern Han dynasty inadvertently inspired this invention in AD 175 when he commanded that Confucian classics be engraved in stone. Bi Sheng invented a form of movable print during the reign of the Emperor Renzong of the Song dynasty, between AD 1041 and AD 1048. He took thin pieces of clay mixed with a sticky substance, carved a mirror image Chinese character on each piece and baked it in a kiln. When printing, he placed the characters in proper order on a coated metal plate.

 

Johannes Gutenberg (c.1395 – 1468) was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe. His invention of mechanical movable type printing played a key role in the development of the Renaissance, Reformation, the Age of Enlightenment, and the Scientific Revolution and laid the material basis for the modern knowledge-based economy and the spread of learning to the masses. Gutenberg was the first European to use movable type printing, around 1439. Among his many contributions to printing are: the invention of a process for mass-producing movable type; the use of oil-based ink; and the use of a wooden printing press similar to the agricultural screw presses of the period. His truly epochal invention was the combination of these elements into a practical system which allowed the mass production of printed books. In Renaissance Europe, the arrival of mechanical movable type printing introduced the era of mass communication which permanently altered the structure of society.[10]

 

 

[1] Sherwin B. Nuland, op cit, p. 328

[2] Paul A. Bartz, Letting God Create Your Day (Minneapolis: Bible Science Association, 1993) Vol.4, p. 197

[3] E.A. Moore, Human Brain has more switches than all computers on Earth, CNET News, news.cnet.com November 17, 2010

[4] Joseph Weiss, “Unconscious Mental Functioning,” Scientific American, March 1990, p. 103

[5] Marc Hauser, “The Mind,” Scientific American, September 2009, p. 44

[6] Ibid.

[7] Ibid., p. 46

[8] Ibid.

[9] Genesis 6:15, The Holy Bible

[10] Google Information

26
Feb

Creation Lesson #7 - The Designed Human Mind

 

 

Introduction

The theory of Evolution envisions a physical and mental development of early man from primitive life forms. However, the documented facts tell a far different story. Man has been uniquely endowed by his Creator from his introduction on Day Six.

 

I.  Superior Intellect from the Beginning

 

In the book, Panorama of Creation, this author has listed fifty-six characteristics that Pre-Flood man, from Adam forward, possessed.[1] As a society, only superior cultures have been documented as possessing all of these specific characteristics cumulatively. Among those fifty-six, ten are listed here:

 

  1. Conceptual Analysis: “And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him” (Genesis 2:20). The fact that specific names were given to all varieties of separate groups with emphasis on distinctions among them, requires the ability to conceptualize objectively. In order to determine that none of the individuals under consideration would be intimately compatible with the observer further enhances the evidence that the observer had mature self-awareness and mental acumen.
  2. Comparative Distinctions: “…gave names to all cattle…and to every beast of the field…” (Genesis 2:20). Distinction is made between groups; comparison and nomenclature are assigned accordingly.
  3. Synergistic Language: “And Adam said, this is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh…” (Genesis 2:23, 24). Languages that feature enlarged expression, enhanced from preceding statements, require complicated emotional and mental capabilities.
  4. Poetic Declamation: “…bone of my bones…flesh of my flesh…called Woman (‘from man’)…taken out of man…leave his father and mother…cleave unto his wife…they shall be one flesh…” (Genesis 2:23, 24). This is first a form of complicated poetic expression; but it is also a progressive statement encompassing origin, state, and destiny of the speaking person (Adam) and the recipient (Eve) to be heard and observed by future generations (leave Father and Mother). Any concept of “evolving man” is totally incapable of explaining this speech form.
  5. Incident Reference: “…knew…conceived…have gotten a man…” (Genesis 4:1). A conscious reference is made to intimate physical relations, conception, and birth. Detailed sensitivities are honorably expressed with a deliberate emphasis on time and events.
  6. Religious Preoccupation: “…brought an offering unto the Lord…” (Genesis 4:3,4). Religious exercise is ascribed to sophisticated man alone. Here we observe conscious religious activity with a specific offering to a specific God.
  7. Moral Designation: “…whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold…” (Genesis 4:15). Moral responsibility and consequences in the event of failure are clearly defined. Protection and restriction relating to the guilty party are also enforced.
  8. Offspring Endowment: “…and called the name of the city after the name of his son…” (Genesis 4:17). Filial endowments are recognized as being among the “ultimate resource and expression” of advanced Homo sapiens sapiens.
  9. Artistic Appreciation: “…all such as handle the harp and organ…” (Genesis 4:21). A “guild association” is implied within this statement. Such responsive appreciation in harmony with skillful dexterity would warrant applause from any historian looking back on this generation.
  10. Purposeful Motivation: “Thus did Noah; according to all that God commanded him, so did he…” (Genesis 6:22). Emphasis is placed on the words “all,” “commanded,” and “did.” Noah (and his family) had the physical, mental, and volitional capacity to follow purposeful instruction with conscious extended performance.

 

II.  Abrupt Appearance of Intelligent Man

 

When history is properly interpreted, it has been demonstrated that Intelligent Man (comparable to Modern Man) appears fully functional, without intermediate fossils evolving from lower life forms: “There are no actual fossils directly antecedent to man.” ( L.B. Halstead, Nature, 20 Nov., 1980, p. 208). The major players in the “Ape to Man” myth have been re-examined and interpreted more correctly:

 

  1. Homo erectus and Homo sapiens… “H. erectus…is insufficiently distinct from H. sapiens. All fossil remains of H. erectus and archaic H. sapiens (including Neanderthals) should be reclassified into a single species, H. sapiens, which is to be subdivided only into races.” (New Scientist, “On the Origin of Races,” January 16, 1993)
  2. Neanderthal Comparison to Modern Humans… “Detailed comparisons of Neanderthal skeletal remains with those of modern humans have shown that there is nothing in Neanderthal anatomy that conclusively indicates locomotor, manipulative, intellectual or linguistic abilities inferior to those of modern humans.” (Erik Trinkaus, Natural History 87, 1978: 10)
  3. The Aurignacian People…Contemporaries with Neanderthal They lived in the Ach Valley of the Alb-Danube Region of Germany. A Star Chart of Orion1 was carved on a Mammoth tusk by these people who also lived as contemporaries with Job.

 

As Job’s consultants knew about the Creator and his association with mankind, these contemporary people would have the same general knowledge of the Creator and his splendors in the heavens. 

 

 

1(www.spacetoday.org/SolSys/Earth/)

 

[1] Carl E. Baugh, Panorama of Creation, Bible Belt Publications, Bethany, OK, 1992, pp. 27-40

24
Feb

Creation Lesson #6 - Designed Insects

 

 

Introduction

 

Entomology is the study of insects, and its details leave us in overwhelming awe. The ancient Egyptians were so intrigued with insects that the beetle became their symbol for immortality. In our current abbreviated study we are indebted to the splendid new book, By Design: Evidence for Nature’s Intelligent Designer –The God of the Bible, by Jonathan Sarfati, Ph.D. We highly recommend this work that encompasses numerous fields of scientific investigation.

 

I.  Ingenious Fly Ear

 

Author Sarfati points out that the main mechanism for discerning the direction of a sound involves measuring the slight difference in the time of arrival of the sound at each ear, as well as the slightly greater intensity at the nearest ear.[1] The tiny female fly, Ormia ochracea, is able to track a cricket’s chirping in order to lay her eggs on him. To make this possible, a bridge like a flexible lever couples the fly’s eardrums together. The resulting resonance effectively increases the time difference about 40 times, and the eardrum nearest the sound vibrates about 10 decibels more strongly. Also, the fly’s flight programming links to its ear signals. Consequently, the fly can tell directions to within 20.[2]

 

II.  Incredible Flight of Insects

 

According to conventional analysis insects generate only about one-third to one-half of the lift needed to carry their weight. Now it has been discovered that leading-edge vortex generates extra lift by lowering the atmospheric pressure in that specific area. In insects LEV’s generate the extra lift needed because the vortex stays “stuck” to the leading edge of the wing long enough for propagation.[3] Author Sarfati adds: “Insect wings have a very complex motion, rotating and changing the camber. It required sophisticated pro-gramming from intelligent design.”[4]

 

III. Intricate Butterfly Aerodynamics

 

Two Oxford university professors trained red admiral butterflies (Vanessa atalanta) to fly freely between artificial flowers in a wind tunnel. They reported:

“…[F]ree flying butterflies use a variety of unconventional aerodynamic mechanisms to generate force: wake capture, two different types of leading-edge vortex, active and inactive upstrokes, in addition to the use of rotational mechanisms and the Weis-Fogh ‘clap-and-fling’ mechanism. Free-flying butterflies often use different aerodynamic mechanisms in successive strokes. There seems to be no one ‘key’ to insect flight, instead insects rely on a wide array of aerodynamic mechanisms to take off, maneuver, maintain steady flight, and for landing.”[5]

 

IV.  In-built Gyroscopes

 

Most insects have two pairs of wings, but flies (Diptera) have only one. Instead of the other pair, they have little sticks with knobs called halteres. These beat in antiphase to the wings (in reverse direction). The base of the haltere has mechanical sensors called campaniform (bell shaped) sensilla that quickly pass on flight information to the wing-steering muscles. A team led by Michael Dickinson, of the University of California at Berkeley, found that nerves from the visual system connect to the halteres. Thus they immediately respond, and their sensilla in turn pass that information to the flight muscles.[6]

 

V.  Intercontinental Migrating Monarchs

 

Shortly after hatching, the spectacular Monarch butterfly flies thousands of miles, navigating unerringly to reach a place it has never seen. Remarkably, they often land on the exact tree their parents came from. They can do this even if they are taken hundreds of miles off course. For the monarch to accomplish this feat he relies on an internal clock, as well as an in-built “almanac” of the sun’s position relative to a date and time. They can use this method even on a cloudy day, because they can also detect the polarization angle of any light. These butterflies also have a built-in magnetic compass, so they can sense directions from the earth’s magnetic field.[7]

 

VI.  Inverted Ants and Bees

 

Ants and bees walk upside down because of masterful design. Each foot has a moist pad (arolium) that can stick to a smooth surface like wet paper on a window. This is between two claws, shaped like a bull’s horns. The claws can catch onto a rough surface, and the arolium is retracted because it is not needed. On a smooth surface the claws retract via the claw flexor tendon, which causes the arolium to rotate and extend into position. The tendon also connects to a plate that squeezes a reservoir of fluid, forcing the liquid into the arolium to inflate it, so it presses on the surface.[8]

 

 

[1] Sarfati, Jonathan, By Design, Creation Book Publishers (www.creationbookpublishers) , pp. 42,43

[2] Mason, A.C., et al., Hyperacute directional hearing in a microscale auditory system, Nature, 410(6829):686-690, 2001

[3] On a wing and a vortex, New Scientist 156(2103): 56, 2004

[4] Sarfiti, op cit.

[5] Srygley, R.B., and Thomas, A.L., Unconventional lift-generating mechanisms in free-flying butterflies, Nature 420(6916):660-664, 2002

[6] Chan, W.P., Prete, F, Dickinson, M.H., Visual input to the efficient control system of a fly’s “gyroscope,” Science 280(5361): 289-292, 1998

[7] Science News, 27 November, 1999, p. 343

[8] Walter Frederlie, W., et al, Biomechanics of the movable pretarsal adhesive organ in ants and bees. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 98(11): 6215-6220, 2001

22
Feb

Creation Lesson #5 - Designed Mammals

 

 

Introduction

 

Mammals cover a vast array of specialized creatures, each designed to function in a unique habitat. The deeper we research, the more we wonder at these created marvels.

 

I.  Dolphins and Echolocation

 

Author Jonathan Sarfati calls to our attention the fact that a number of creatures find prey by echolocation.[1] The object’s speed and location are determined by the Doppler Effect, interpreting variations in sound and pitch of the returning signal. A dolphin can detect a fish the size of a golf ball 230 feet way! An expert in chaos theory demonstrated that the dolphin’s “click” pattern is mathematically designed to provide the best information.[2] Evolutionists are compelled to admit that “the ancestors of today’s dolphins had an ear structure that suggests that they could echolocate as well as their modern relatives can.”[3]

 

The dolphin produces clicks by pressurizing the nasal system, then manipulating air through the phonic lips. The click loudness automatically adjusts for distance. Behaving as a “sound lens,” they have special oil-filled sinuses in the lower jaw that pass the echoes to the inner ear. Accompanying this they have a “melon” fatty protrusion on the forehead that focuses the sound waves into a beam on different lipids.[4]

 

II.  Bats and Aerial Dynamics

 

Bats, too, use sonar echolocation, but they also possess unique wing design. The stretchy skin on a bat’s wing interacts with air in a different manner than the firmer wings of birds and insects. This elasticity, combined with dozens of joints (even more than in a human hand) allows bats to generate unusual wing shapes and motions, e.g. ones that give more lift at higher angles of stroke. Their wings can also be folded very close to the body to reduce drag.[5]

 

Palaeochiropteryx tupaiodon – one of the “oldest” bats, was found in the Messel oil shale pit near Darmstadt, Gemany, and is assigned an age of 48-54 million years (by evolutionary standards). It clearly had fully developed wings, and its inner ear had the same construction as those of modern bats, showing that it had full sonar equipment.[6] This discovery disrupts “evolutionary development” over long periods of time, and instead, demonstrates original masterful design in the bat features from a recent creation.

 

III. Whales and Humpback Flipper Bumps

 

The humpback whale has certain features that help it travel through its fluid medium with pronounced efficiency. Its bumpy flipper looks like poor design compared with smooth, sleek flippers. Research at the US Naval Academy using scale model flippers took advantage of these little bumps, called tubercles. In a wind tunnel, the smooth model behaved like a typical airplane wing. But the one with the tubercles has 8% better lift and an astounding 32% less drag. It also resisted “stalling” at a 40% steeper wing angle.[7]

 

IV.  The Human Spine and Optimal Design

 

“The inward curve of the lumbar spine – the lordosis – was thought by evolutionists to be a problem, the result of man standing upright…[Actually] the arch of the spine has a beautiful purpose, its like the arch of a bridge, it adds strength. Because of this arch in the lumbar spine, a man with a lumbar lordosis can lift proportionately more weight than a Gorilla with its kyphotic (outwardly curving) spine.

 

…[T]he bones of the spine have been ‘foam filled’ [‘light and strong’] with cancellous bone (with an open, latticed, or porous structure) surrounded by harder cortical bone since creation…The vertebral bodies increase in cross sectional area as you go further down the spine, because in the upright position the lower ones have to take on more load.”[8]

 

Numerous studies have hinted at the possibility that the spine is essentially a musical instrument. If so, the spine would incorporate some system of inaudible “sound resonance.” Using powders, liquids or pastes on sound boards, shapes have been sculpted purely by sound. Vibration caused material to take on a life of its own – and in its dance, beautiful symmetrical patters take shape. Some patterns look like rotating spiral galaxies or solar flares, others like flowers blooming or amoebae fusing.[9] “Bone is an excellent conductor of vibration and is therefore capable of resonance..[E]ach vertebra in the spine has a characteristic shape…[I]ndeed each vertebra does have a resonance frequency…[A]pplying the correct vibrational frequency to a vertebra can induce sympathetic vibration that restores the vertebra’s “natural” fundamental frequency.”[10] In addition, appropriate interaction of vibrational frequencies has been shown to increase bone density, thus extending the quality of life.[11] The human spine shows optimal, and incredible, design features.

 

 

[1] Sarfati, J., By Design, Creation Book Publishers, www.creationbookpublishers.com, p. 47

[2] Howlett, R., “Flippers Secret,” New Scientist, 154(2088) 34-39, 1997

[3] Perkins, S., “Learning to listen: How some vertebrates evolved biological sonar,” Science News 167(20); 314, 2005

[4] Sarfati, op cit, p. 48

[5] ibid., p.74

[6] ibid., p.75

[7] Miklosovic, D.S., et al., “Leading-edge Tubercles delay stall on Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) flippers, Physics of Fluids, 16(5), L39-L42, 2004

[8] Porter, R., “Standing upright for Creation,” Creation 25(1): 25-27, 2002

[9] Jenny, H., Cymatics: A Study of Wave Phenomena and Vibration, (Newmarket, NH: MACROmedia, 2001)

[10] Wieder, J., Song of the Spine (N. Charleston, SC: Booksurge, 2004)

[11] Rubin,C., Department of Biomedical Engineering, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Nature, 9 August, 2001

19
Feb

Creation Lesson #4 - Microworld Marvels

 
 

Introduction

 

The space-fabric template is in place to support the activities of a microscopic world in which living systems can perform their designed duties. Without these myriads of unseen entities life would not be possible, and without the “space template” these microscopic agents could not perform their life-supporting functions. The space fabric is essentially occupied by a “cooperating lattice” of subatomic particles.[1] This lattice supports the “tendrils of the cosmic web” and provides orientation for the physical components of the universe.[2] “…All of the masses, charges, and other properties of subatomic particles arise from a uniform chorus of violins playing a symphony of different notes.”[3] “…[And] as if by a chain, our planet’s surface [with all its components] is connected intimately with the space environment.”[4] The stage is now set for the miniature actors to debut their choreographed performances.

 

I. The Incredible DNA and its Information

 

The late Dr. Henry M. Morris commented on Psalm 139:15: “Curiously wrought” means “embroidered,” a striking description of the double-helical DNA molecular program which organizes part by part the beautiful structure of the whole infant…from the lowest [atomic mineral] parts of the earth.[5] A pinhead of DNA could hold 40 million times more information than our most advanced 100 gigabyte computer hard drive.[6] At least 93% of the so-called “junk DNA” is transcribed, and it is about 50 times more active than the genes, as shown by the amount of RNA transcripts.[7] Even the choice of the base-pair letters A (adenine), T (thymine), G (guanine), and C (cytosine) now seems to be based on minimizing error during reproduction.[8]

 

II. The Living Cell and its Components

 

These components are illustrated for the reader. It must be remembered that “No living molecule is self-reproducing. Only whole cells may contain all the necessary machinery for ‘self’-replication….without the protein-forming machinery nothing can be made.”[9] Sir Karl Popper pointed out, “What makes the [evolutionary] origin of life and of the genetic code a disturbing riddle is this: the genetic code is without any biological function unless it is translated, that is, unless it leads to the synthesis of the proteins whose structure is laid down by the code. But… the machinery by which the cell… translates the code consists of at least fifty macromolecular components which are themselves coded in the DNA. Thus the code cannot be translated except by using certain products of its translation.”[10]

 

III. Bacteria and the Bacterial Flagellum

 

Under the ground invisible organisms, including, yeast, molds, microscopic invertebrates, nematode worms, and especially bacteria…. balance the aboveground ecosystem as they make nutrients and minerals available for plant life.[11] Deep earth appears to be a major chemical factory, filled with a mass of bacteria greater than the combined mass of all plants and animals living on the surface.[12]

 

About 5,000 species of bacteria have been identified, but only about 8 percent cause disease.[13]Cyanobacteria in the oceans break apart the bonds of carbon dioxide, making oxygen available to living things. Perhaps the most abundant creatures on earth, these microbes may release more oxygen than all green plants combined… [In carbon-recycling] one specific duty [of bacteria] is to break down dead plant [and animal matter]…A group of bacteria, known as lithotrophs, feed on minerals within rocks and break them down, thus enriching the soil…The bacteria in the genus Rhizobium, which live in and around plants, fix the nitrogen…Some bacteria even help to make it rain!”[14]

 

The marvelous irreducibly complex Bacterial Flagellum is powered by an electric motor, with the following features: self assembly and repair, water-cooled rotary engine, proton motive force drive system, forward and reverse gears, operating speeds up to 100,000 rpm, direction-reversing capacity within ¼ of a turn.[15]

 

 

[1] M. Simphony, Matter, Space, and Radiation, World Scientific Publishing Company, New Jersey, 1994, pp. 86, 87

[2] Claude-Andre Faucher-Gilguere, Adam Lidz, Lars Hernquist, “Numerical Simulations Unravel the Cosmic Web,” Science, Vol. 319, 4 January, 2008, p. 52

[3] Science, Vol. 256, June 12, 1992, p. 1518

[4] Louis J. Lanzerotti and Chanchal Uberoi, “Earth’s Magnetic Environment,” Sky and Telescope, Oct., 1998, pp. 360-362

[5] Henry M. Morris, The Defenders Study Bible (Grand Rapids: Word Publishing, 1995), p. 669

[6] Jonathan Sarfati, By Design, Creation Book Publishers, 2008, p. 160

[7] Ibid., p. 210

[8] D. Bradley, “The Genome Chose its Alphabet with Care,” Science, 297(5588): 1789-91, 2002

[9] Richard Lewontin, “The Dream of the Human Genome,” New York Review of Books, May 28, 1992, p. 33

[10] K.R. Popper, “Scientific Reduction and the Essential Incompleteness of All Science,” Studies in the Philosophy of Biology, University of California Press, Berkley, 1974, p. 279

[11] Yvonne Baskin, Under Ground: How Creatures of Mud and Dirt Shape our World, Shearwater

[12] Joe Francis, Answers Magazine, July-Sept., 2008, p.52

[13] Ibid.

[14] Ibid, p. 53

[15] Jonathan Sarfati, Ibid., p. 136

9
Jan

Creation Lesson #2 - Our Created Earth Uniquely Designed for Life

Compiled by David V. Bassett, Creation Evidence Museum

 

"…Speak to the Earth, and it shall teach thee;...Who knoweth not in all these that the hand of the LORD hath wrought this?" Job 12:8a, 9

 

Of all the lessons which the Earth continually teaches us, perhaps the most obvious and profound is that it alone among the worlds framed by the Word of God (Heb. 11:3) is divinely crafted, sculpted, and engineered to sustain life. In fact the more we learn about our solar system and the universe, the more unique our Earth becomes. As home to over one million different species of life, each with its own special criteria for survival, the Earth repeatedly reinforces the fact that God orchestrated each detail necessary for terrestrial existence. "For thus saith the LORD Who created the heavens, God Himself Who formed the Earth and made it; He hath established it, He created it not in vain, He formed it to be inhabited; I am the LORD, and there is none else." Isaiah 45: 18

 

The Creator's matchless formula for life on Earth involves a multitude of planetary parameters working together in a specific and delicate balance. So precise is this prescription, a mere absence or slight alteration in any one of the countless interrelated factors and mutually-dependent variables upon which life hinges could prove cataclysmic. Consider these more noticeable requirements upon which all life on our world depends:

(1) Abundance of Liquid Water --- This flowing treasure is unique in the combination of physical and chemical properties it manifests as the only possible solvent and medium for living cells. More than 70% of the planet is covered by some 326 million cubic miles of liquid water, enough to submerge a perfectly smooth and spherical Earth to a depth of 8,500 feet (over 1.6 miles!!). [Gen. 1:2, 10b / Job 38:34 / Ps. 33:7 / Rev.14:7b; see also Gen. 7:10 & Ps. 104:6]

(2) Cleansing Ocean Tides --- The ebb and flow of Earth's tidal circulation (in response to the lunar gravitational pull) purifies the world ocean and the continental shorelines which serve to enclose its waters. [Prov. 8:29a / Job 26:10; 38:11 / Ps. 104:9]

(3) Ideal Planetary Size and Mass --- With an equatorial diameter of 7,927 miles (Job 38:18 / Isa. 40:22a) and a mass equal to nearly 6.588 sextillion (10 ^ 23 = billion trillion) tons, the Earth is able to provide the perfect gravitational attraction and optimum atmospheric pressure for living organisms. [Job 28:25 / !sa. 40:12]

(4) Life-Sustaining Atmosphere --- It has been said of the Earth that "the existence of its inhabitants hangs upon a thin and delicate sheath of gas that envelops the planet like the skin of an apple." Though over 99% of our atmosphere (composed of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, and 1% other gases) lies below 50 miles in altitude, it still is able to (a) provide the necessary oxygen crucial for animal and human respiration, (b) preserve acceptable temperature ranges while avoiding life-threatening extremes of heat and cold, and (c) protect from incoming extraterrestrial debris and (UV) solar radiation. [Gen. 1:20b / Job 37:18 / Ps. 104:3,13]

(5) Protective Magnetic Field --- Supplemented by the Van Allen radiation belts, the ionosphere, and the ozone layer as interior shields of defense, the Earth's magnetic field not only protects us from cosmic bombardment of harmful particles and high-frequency waves, it is also responsible for facilitating cellular communication and directional location. [Prov. 8:27; cp. Ps.5:12]

(6) Proper Orbital Shape --- With a circumference of almost 600 million miles, the Earth's orbit around the Sun is nearly circular in order to minimize extreme temperature variations. [Ps. 19:4b-6]

(7) Perfect Orbital Radius --- Earth's 93 million-mile-average distance from the Sun (typically referred to as one astronomical unit or 1 A.U.) allows our planet to have an ideal surface temperature of 58 degrees Fahrenheit and an average ocean-water temperature of 45 degrees Fahrenheit. In fact, in terms of insolation (i.e., incoming solar radiation), this orbital radius positions our world at the optimum location for life in the entire solar system. [Gen. 1:14-18 / Ps.74:16]

(8) Orbital Speed and Duration --- With an orbital period of exactly 365.256 days, which the Earth can accomplish by racing through space at an incredible 66,600 mph (over 18 miles/sec !!), our planet's seasonal length is conducive for agriculture. [Gen. 1:14]

(9) Angle of Rotational Axis --- Also playing a role in Earth's favorable pattern of climate, the 23.5 degree tilt on its planetary axis permits the four annual seasons and, in the northern hemisphere, increases the amount of suitable land area and fertile soil needed for summer cultivation of crops. [Gen.8:22 / Ps. 74:17]

(10) Rate of Planetary Rotation --- Earth's sidereal day of 23 hours, 56 minutes, 4.09 seconds allows for proper, uniform heating and cooling of its spinning surface (Job 38:14 / Gen. 8:22), as well as the re-circulation of its atmospheric winds and ocean currents in the global hydrologic cycle. [Eccl. 1:5-7 / Ps. 135:7 / Isa. 55:10]

 

The tolerances for life are extremely narrow, and if there are any other planets in the universe, it is very unlikely that any of them could have life, due to the extremely rigid conditions necessary for life to exist. The mathematical odds that all of these and other essential conditions happened by random chance are indeed astronomical -- in fact, beyond all probability. The ideal combination of prerequisites and requirements crucial to life observed only on Earth surely testifies to intelligent, purposeful design. "The LORD by wisdom hath founded the Earth; by understanding hath He established the heavens." --- Prov. 3:19

 

To believe that this beautifully balanced life-support system is a mere accident requires invincible faith in the power of blind chance. Would not any honest observer have to admit that the Earth alone appears to have been designed for us to live on, just as the psalmist said?: "The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD's: but the Earth hath He given to the children of men." ---Ps. 115:16

20
Nov

Creation Lesson #1 - The Original Creation

Introduction

 

A chorus of harmonious design and relationship exists throughout the cosmos. The Hand of God is seen in every universal detail of the original creation. All chaos and discord we observe are results of the Fall of man and its universal consequences.[1]

 

Creation of Earth’s Elements from Water

 

Now, new research by Dr. Edward Boudreaux, Professor Emeritus, University of New Orleans, Ph.D., Chemistry and Chemical Physics, has demonstrated that all of the chemical elements cataloged throughout the Earth could be created by the vibratory “fluttering” action of the Spirit of God on Day One – all from the available elements of water, and all within a period of less than three days under plasma-induced nucleosynthesis![2] This is vastly different from the commonly accepted evolution model requiring some 10-17 billion years for the process.

 

Additionally, Dr. Boudreaux demonstrates that rapid energy release and thermal cooling of the earth could be accomplished within forty-seven hours, making possible a cool earth for the creation of plants on Day Three.[3] This cooling could be increased substantially by the stretching of space fabric and the release of heat in the process.

 

A major discovery in his meticulous calculations is that radioactive decay rates would be increased tremendously during the “high energy – elevated temperature” plasma fusion process, and would return to normal decay rates at the end of the quenching phase within a twenty-one hour timeframe.[4] This discovery explains the correlation of “spent” radioactive elements and current decay rates, all within a recent creation framework.

 

Dr. Boudreaux’ proposed scenario is termed “aquo-nucleosynthesis.” In his book he cites the work done at the Proton-21 Electrodynamics Research Laboratory in the Ukraine.[5] Their laboratory experiments proved that all known chemical elements can be produced very rapidly from any pure substance containing one or more elements.[6] It is obvious that the Hand of God was directly involved in creating all the elements we are made of, and all that we experience from Creation forward.

 

[1] Romans 8:21,22

[2] Edward Boudreaux, God Created the Earth, Published by Central Ohio Creation Research Association, 1007 Groveport Road, Canal Winchester, OH 43110, 2009

[3] Ibid. p. 51

[4] Ibid. p. 52

[5] S. Adamenko, F. Selleri, and A. van der Merwe, “Controlled Nucleosynthesis-Breakthroughs in Experimental and Theory,” Fundamental Theories of Physics, col. 156, Springer-Verieg, The Netherlands, 2007

[6] Boudreaux, p. 37

 

Cosmic Design in the Creation

 

Space itself is essentially occupied by a “cooperating lattice” of subatomic particles.[7] This lattice supports the “tendrils of the cosmic web” and provides orientation for the physical components of the universe.[8] As would then be anticipated, “…All of the masses, charges, and other properties of subatomic particles arise from a uniform chorus of violins playing a symphony of different notes.”[9] “…[And] as if by a chain, our planet’s surface is connected intimately with the space environment.”[10] Scripture anticipated this universal responsive interconnectedness in Hosea 2:21, 22: “And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear saith the Lord, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth; and the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil, and they shall hear Jezreel.” Earth’s organic and inorganic systems benefit from universal signals, and the particles in space are influenced by signals from Earth.[11]

 

Why do the other planets exist in relation to these events? Astronomers recognize the “meticulous clockwork accuracy” of celestial bodies. This results from the time-telling purpose of all the heavenly bodies (Gen. 1:14-18). Planets are included in this clockwork design as “stars” in Genesis 1: 16. Another purpose for the planets is that they act together to stabilize the solar system, a fact discovered by the French atheist Laplace in the 1790s. ...In particular, the other planets stabilize the distance of the earth from the sun. ...They keep the earth from approaching too close or moving too far from the sun. This ensures the ability of the earth to support life.[12] God’s design is all-inclusive.

 

Electromagnetic Design in the Creation

 

All life, including the human body, is under the influence of our EM field.[13] It has been demonstrated that cells in plants communicate with electric signals.[14] In fact, all cells receive electrical signals from the outside world and other cells.[15] Beyond this, reciprocal tuning in magnetic fields of living systems interplays within and between the systems.[16] This all-important Electromagnetic field was the result of the work of the Spirit of God on Day One of the Original Creation.

 

[7] M. Simphony, Matter, Space, and Radiation, World Scientific Publishing Company, New Jersey, 1994, pp. 86, 87

[8] Claude-Andre Faucher-Gilguere, Adam Lidz, Lars Hernquist, “Numerical Simulations Unravel the Cosmic Web,” Science, Vol. 319, 4 January, 2008, p. 52

[9] Science, Vol. 256, June 12, 1992, p. 1518

[10] Louis J. Lanzerotti and Chanchal Uberoi, “Earth’s Magnetic Environment,” Sky and Telescope, Oct., 1998, pp. 360-362

[11] Marcia Bartusiak, “Einstein’s Unfinished Symphony,” Discover, Aug. 1989, p. 64

[12]Ibid. p. 37

[13] Kyoichi Nakagawa, Magnetic Field Deficiency Syndrome and Magnetic Treatment, Isuzu Hospital Brief, Tokyo, p. 1

[14] Paul Bartz, “Electric Bushes and Trees,” Letting God Create Your Day, Vol. 4, Bible-Science Association, Minn., MN, 1993, p. 55

[15] Robin Rees, “Animal Building Blocks,” The Way Nature Works, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1992, p. 103

[16] Warren J. Hamerman, “The Musicality of Living Processes,” 21st Century Science and Technology, March – April 1989, p. 39

 

The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handiwork. Day unto day uttereth speech and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard.”[17]

 

[17] Psalm 19: 1-3

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